Title : Post-market quality assessment of 22 ciprofloxacin brands by HPLC available in Bangladesh market

Authors : Md Hasanuzzaman Shohag, Syed Abdul Kuddus, Esfat M Saim Brishty, Salman Sakir Chowdhury, Md Tofazzal Hossain, Maruf Hasan, Sabrin Islam Khan, Murad Hossain, Hasan Mahmud Reza

Abstract : Antibiotic resistance has been recognized as a public health threat in recent years, and mortality due to resistance is increasing alarmingly every year. Antibiotic resistance, among many factors, may arise due to the consumption of substandard antibiotic brands that provide subnormal levels of the drug in the blood. Post-market evaluation can provide important information in assessing pharmaceutical products in terms of quality, purity, and therapeutic aspects. Ciprofloxacin, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, has been used against a wide range of infectious diseases in Bangladesh. The present study aimed to determine the quality attributes of twenty-two commonly prescribed brands of ciprofloxacin 500 mg tablet collected from Dhaka city and the rural regions of Jessore. RP-HPLC coupled with UV–visible spectrophotometry was used to determine the potency of ciprofloxacin in tablets, and the zone of inhibition was determined using Kirby-Bauer's disc diffusion method to assess the antimicrobial efficacy against different strains of microorganisms. We found that 95.45% of brands (21 out of 22 brands) of ciprofloxacin tablets met United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) and British Pharmacopoeia (BP) specified potency, whereas one brand failed. From dissolution studies, we observed that 68.2% of brands (15 out of 22 brands) followed USP/NF dissolution test specifications, whereas 31.8% (7 out of 22 brands) failed to release 80% of the labeled amount of drug within 30 min. Drug release kinetics data showed that most brands followed the Weibull drug release kinetic model. Fit factor analysis exhibited that 8 brands out of 22 (36.4%) failed to comply similar dissolution profiles with the reference product. Minimum inhibitory concentrations, assessed against five bacterial strains, further showed good antimicrobial sensitivity by all brands.

Journal : Heliyon Volume : 9 Year : 2023 Issue : 6
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