Title : Deformation and poration of giant unilamellar vesicles induced by anionic nanoparticles

Authors : Mohammad Abu Sayem Karal, Shareef Ahammed, Victor Levadny, Marina Belaya, Md. Kabir Ahamed, Marzuk Ahmed, Zaid Bin Mahbub, A.K.M. Atique Ullah

Abstract : The interaction of anionic magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) of size 18 nm with negatively charged giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) formed from a mixture of neutral dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) and negatively charged dioleoylphosphatidylglycerol (DOPG) lipids has been investigated. It has been obtained that NPs induces the deformation of spherical GUVs. The reaction of other GUVs on NPs consists in the appearance of pores in their membranes. We focused the effect of electrostatics on the interaction of charged membranes with MNPs. To study the influence of the surface charge of GUVs on the processes under consideration, we varied the fraction of DOPG in the vesicles from 0 to 100%. We examined the influence of salt concentration in the range of 50?300 mM NaCl concentration. To describe the degree of deformation, a special parameter compactness as introduced. The pore formation in the membranes of GUVs was investigated by the leakage of sucrose. The compactness increases with time and also NPs concentration. The fraction of deformed GUVs increases with the increase of surface charge density of membranes as well as the decrease of salt concentration in buffer. The value of compactness for neutral membrane is 1.25 times higher than that of charged ones. The fraction of deformed GUVs become constant after 20 min, however it increases with NPs concentration. The time taken for stochastic pore formation is less for charged membrane than neutral one. The physical mechanism explaining the experimental results obtained in these investigations.

Journal : Chemistry and Physics of Lipids Volume : 230 Year : 2020 Issue : 104916
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