Title : Radial growth of Picea glauca and Picea engelmannii across Canada and USA: monthly climate, decadal oscillations, and climate change

Authors : Mohammad Maruf Billah & David Goldblum

Abstract : We employ a dendrochronological approach to examine spatial variation in radial tree growth-climate relationships and responses to global climate oscillations across the geographic ranges of Picea glauca and Picea engelmannii. Tree-ring chronologies were constructed for 77 sites and analyzed using correlation coefficients for monthly climatic variables. In general, for Picea glauca, stands in the western portion of its range had significant negative correlations with temperature during fall, winter, and spring; only summer temperature was positively correlated with tree growth. In eastern North America, Picea glauca growth was negatively correlated with winter and spring temperature. Across the north-south range of Picea engelmannii, growth of northern populations was positively correlated with temperature in most seasons except spring, which had negative correlations, and response to winter precipitation differed between northern and southern populations. However, some monthly values for both species correlations were altered due to decadal oscillation phase, especially for the Pacific Decadal Oscillation.

Journal : Physical Geography Volume : Year : 2019 Issue :
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