Title : Socioeconomic Status and Mood Disorder among Canadians Aged 15 Years and Older Evidence from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey

Authors : Sultana T, Rana J, Alhassan AY

Abstract : Background: Despite the improved healthcare system in the country, about three million Canadians aged 18 years old or more reported to have mood disorder in 2013, which was higher among people with low socioeconomic status (SES). This study aimed to examine the association between SES and mood disorder among people aged 15 years and older in Canada. Methods: Data was extracted from Canadian Community Health Survey 2012-Mental Health. The survey followed a multi-stage stratified sampling and collected information from 25,113 respondent aged 15 years and older using computer-assisted personal interviewing. The weighted analytic sample was 25,105. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine the association between SES and mood disorder. Results: Respondents were more likely to have mood disorder if they were unemployed (AOR 1.51, 95% CI: 1.25, 1.83) and permanently unable to work (AOR 7.13, 95% CI: 5.25, 9.69). Respondents with lowest household income (HI) (AOR 1.73, 95% CI: 1.32, 2.28), low HI (AOR 1.55, 95% CI: 1.21, 2.00), middle HI (AOR 1.30, 95% CI: 1.02, 1.65) and high HI (AOR 1.03, CI: 0.80, 1.31) have the highest mood disorder compared to those in highest HI category. The likelihood of mood disorder was higher among participants if they were female (AOR 1.70, 95% CI: 1.44, 2.01); divorced or separated (AOR 1.78, 95% CI: 1.34, 2.36), and widowed (AOR 1.26, 95% CI: 0.78, 2.05). However, elderly people aged 80 and older were less likely to have mood disorder compared to their younger counterparts. Conclusion: Mood disorder is significantly associated with SES after adjusting for age, sex and marital status. This finding shows congruence with the assumptions of fundamental cause of disease theory, suggesting the importance of SES to the continuation of health inequalities in Canada. However, community interventions related to mental wellbeing should account for the socioeconomic context of Canadians.

Journal : Volume : Year : 2019 Issue :
Pages : City : Vancouver Edition : Editors :
Publisher : Canadian Sociological Association (CSA) ISBN : Book : Chapter :
Proceeding Title : Annual Conference of the Canadian Sociological Association (CSA) Institution : Issuer : Number :