Title : A new purification technique to obtain specific size distribution of giant lipid vesicles using dual filtration

Authors : Mohammad Abu Sayem Karal, Tawfika Nasrin, Marzuk Ahmed, Md. Kabir Ahamed, Shareef Ahammed, Salma Akter, Sharif Hasan, Zaid Bin Mahbub

Abstract : A new purification technique is developed for obtaining distribution of giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) within a specific range of sizes using dual filtration. The GUVs were prepared using well known natural swelling method. For filtration, different combinations of polycarbonate membranes were implemented in filter holders. In our experiment, the combinations of membranes were selected with corresponding pore sizes–(i) 12 and 10 ?m, (ii) 12 and 8 ?m, and (iii) 10 and 8 ?m. By these filtration arrangements, obtained GUVs size distribution were in the ranges of 6?26 ?m, 5–38 ?m and 5–30 ?m, respectively. In comparison, the size distribution range was much higher for single filtration technique, for example, 6?59 ?m GUVs found for a membrane with 12 ?m pores. Using this technique, the water-soluble fluorescent probe, calcein, can be removed from the suspension of GUVs successfully. The size distributions were analyzed with lognormal distribution. The skewness became smaller (narrow size distribution) when a dual filtration was used instead of single filtration. The mode of the size distribution obtained in dual filtration was also smaller to that of single filtration. By continuing this process of purification for a second time, the GUVs size distribution became even narrower. After using an extra filtration with dual filtration, two different size distributions of GUVs were obtained at a time. This experimental observation suggests that different size specific distributions of GUVs can be obtained easily, even if GUVs are prepared by different other methods.

Journal : PLOS ONE Volume : Year : 2021 Issue :
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